Case studies are a research methods that involves an in-depth examination and analysis of a particular situation, event, or individual. It provides a detailed understanding of complex phenomena and offers insights into real-life scenarios. Case studies are widely used in various fields, including business, psychology, medicine, and education, among others.
The primary objective of a case study is to explore a specific problem or issue and gain comprehensive knowledge about it. It involves gathering relevant data through various sources, such as interviews, surveys, observations, and documents. The collected data is then analyzed using qualitative and/or quantitative methods to identify patterns, trends, and underlying factors.
Case studies typically follow a structured approach, starting with defining the research question or objective. The researcher then selects a suitable case or cases that represent the phenomenon of interest. The case can be an individual, a group, an organization, or even a community.
Once the case is identified, data collection begins. This phase involves gathering information from multiple sources, including primary sources (interviews, observations) and secondary sources (documents, reports). The researcher carefully analyzes the collected data, looking for themes, patterns, and relationships.
The analysis of the case study data often includes techniques like thematic analysis, content analysis, or statistical analysis, depending on the nature of the research question and the available data. The goal is to generate meaningful findings and insights that address the research objective.